‘Blacklisted’ review

April 26, 2015 at 6:30 pm (AWL, Civil liberties, class, class collaboration, cops, corruption, good people, Human rights, Jim D, solidarity, unions, Unite the union, workers)

This review should appear in the next issue of the AWL’s paper Solidarity, as (I understand) part of a feature on blacklisting:

Blacklisted – The secret war between big business and union activists

By Dave Smith and Phil Chamberlain (pub: New Internationalist)

*********************

Trades unionists have known for decades that employers operated blacklists, whereby records were kept on militants and activists (and, indeed, not particularly militant or active trade unionists) in order to exclude them from employment. The practice was especially rife in the construction industry, where simply raising a concern over health and safety could be enough to ensure that you never found work. Countless working class lives were destroyed by the blacklist.

For many years a central blacklist was managed, operated and sold to major employers by an outfit called the Economic League, which in the 1970s employed around 160 staff and was receiving over £400,000 a year in subscriptions and donations. When media exposure (notably the campaigning journalism of Paul Foot in the Mirror) lead to the collapse of the League in 1993, its work was taken over by an organisation called the Services Group (formed by the big construction companies as it became apparent to them that the League might not survive), and then The Consulting Association (TCA), which obtained the Economic League’s database, and expanded and updated it, with files on thousands of workers, including National Insurance numbers, vehicle registrations, press cuttings and comments from managers.

Again, it was construction companies who were the main (but not only) subscribers, using the organisation as a covert vetting operation to monitor job applicants. All the biggest names in construction – Carillion, Balfour Beatty, Skanska, Keir, Costain and McAlpine – made use of TCA information to exclude job applicants and to sack workers already on site.

TCA was eventually exposed and brought down in 2009 following a raid on their premises by the Information Commissioner’s Office, the body that enforces the Data Protection Act. Blacklisting was not, then, in itself illegal, but breaches of the Data Protection Act were. TCA’s database was confiscated and found to contain the details of 3,213 construction workers.

As a result of the raid, the subsequent publicity and dogged lobbying by the construction union, UCATT (and to a lesser degree, Unite), the Labour government finally introduced legislation (the Blacklists Regulations 2010 – an amendment to the Employment Relations Act 1999) making it unlawful for an employer or employment agency to refuse employment, to dismiss, or to cause detriment to a worker for a reason related to a blacklist and provides for a minimum £5,000 compensation award at a tribunal. But this was , at best, a very small step forward and contained at least one major loophole: as it is civil, not criminal, legislation, it can only be enforced by an individual to bring a claim to an Employment Tribunal; and (as the Blacklisting Support Group pointed out when the legislation was under consultation), blacklisted workers can only bring claims against the companies that refused to employ them, which will often be small sub-contractors, and not the big companies actually doing the blacklisting.

This scandal is described in meticulous detail in the new book ‘Blacklisted –  The secret war between big business and union activists’ by Blacklisting Support Group (BSG) founding member Dave Smith and investigative journalist Phil Chamberlain.

Perhaps the most fascinating revelations in the book are interviews with HR managers and bosses involved in blacklisting, several of whom claim that they obtained information from officials of UCATT and the EEPTU. It should be emphasised that both UCATT and Unite (the union that now includes what used to be the EEPTU) have cleaned up their acts and now both take a firm stand against blacklisting. However, the book describes a meeting of the Blacklist Support Group in February 2013, at which a BSG speaker, Steve Acheson, was barracked by senior members of UCATT, who accused him of making allegations of union collusion without evidence and demanded he “name names”: in response, Acheson held up a handwritten note from former TCA manager Ian Kerr and said: “If you want me to name names, I will: the name that appears on this note is George Guy” (Guy is a former senior official and acting General Secretary of UCATT: the book notes that he “vigorously denies” the allegation).

This superbly-researched and very readable book was launched in March at a meeting in Parliament at which John McDonnell MP read out a statement from Peter Francis, a former undercover cop who spent four years as part of the Met’s Special Demonstration Squad. Francis’s statement said he infiltrated Unison, the FBU, CWU, NUT and NUS. He had previously infiltrated anti-racist organisations and the Militant Tendency. The Economic League and The Consulting Association may be gone, but blacklisting, spying and dirty tricks against trade unionists and other activists continues – often, it would seem, by the forces of the state.

8 Comments

  1. Glesga Keeping Scotland Free From Loonies said,

    I was blacklisted around 1970 when I was a youngster in the EEPTU. I found out many years later. My wifes uncle now deceased was a TU Convenor in the Linwood Car Plant. A qualified engineer who had to end up working as a Parkie in Paisley. A good man nothing got him down. He worked in the community to the end.

  2. finbar said,

    I was blacklisted still am.The controller dog from the employers association told me,you have had the ball in your hands,now its our turn,no work in your trade in our land.Im talking New Zealand,when it was compulsory to be a member of the Union.Myself,a union orginiser,back in 1980!s none of my sub employers could ever say,union official,way there flash cars,never see them,they where sick of seeing me,in good and bad times,but the bosses made sure once their friends got in power they scrapped voluntary unionism,and all those sad sacks never dared join the union.So i walked,started back in my trade,and no man ever tell me you will never work in this town again.Tosser in truth the employer class,arrogant selfish fuckers,and crucify those that dare stand against their ignorant abuse of power and control.

  3. finbar said,

    Hows about a fair cry,two state solution where humanity walks every day.
    .

  4. finbar said,

    The knowing is why you are you so down on employers.Im a union official,and any time one of my employers call me its because their employer is stealing from them,or putting them at harm for their jobs description.But they only pay you,how much is their union dues,they are my employer.Thats why i look for their care,they are my employer,and only would they call me if their employer was out of order.

  5. Southpawpunch (@Southpawpunch) said,

    A long time ago, I found out that I was in the Economic League’s files through coverage of me in the Left press. Somehow the Labour Research Department got hold of these files (I remember the Daily Mirror was involved) and you could approach them to get this info.

    Does anyone know if anything similar is available now – maybe stuff from the raid(s)?

    • dagmar said,

      A FoI request possibly, direct to the blacklisting scum themselves? Any reply you get might be, somehow, amusing; and, you can’t totally rule it out, include that what you want to discover

  6. Glesga Keeping Scotland Free From Loonies said,

    The battle to expose blacklisting may well be kicked into touch if Ian Davidson MP loses his seat.

  7. P O'Donnell said,

    Hope Ian Davidson gets re-elected for all his groups hard work (1) for getting the contractors to answer for 40yrs of blacklisting.(2) all workers should get out and vote for good people.a prayer for all the workers now gone that never got to see the magic blacklist.(3) The paddies built the hydro dams making millions for mc alpine and wimpey their reward they are probably all on the 44 contractors dont employ list.

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