Billie Holiday, born April 7 1915, died July 17 1959

April 6, 2015 at 2:04 pm (civil rights, culture, history, jazz, Jim D, music, protest, Racism, Sheer joy, song, Soul, The blues, truth)

The woman who was simply the greatest singer in the entire history of jazz was born 100 years ago. Apart from her extraordinary voice (limited but highly expressive), she tends to be remembered for her “tragic” life, bad choices in lovers and her clashes with the authorities (she was even arrested on narcotics charges as she lay dying in hospital).

She made an extraordinary impression on all who met her, or even just heard her records. The British jazz critic Max Jones who met her and got to know her when she visited Britain in 1954 and then just before her death in 1959, is typical:

“Soon reports were coming in regularly of her deteriorating condition. At the end of May she collapsed and was taken to hospital, suffering from liver and heart complaints.

“Still harried by the authorities, she died in degrading circumstances at 3 a.m. on 17 July 1959, with 70 cents in the bank and 750 dollars in large notes strapped to her leg. She was, by her reckoning, only 44 years old. And I was halfway through a letter to her when friends telephoned to say she was dead. Though half expecting it, I was devastated by the news.

“But still, we have those many lovely or disturbing recorded performances. They will be a pleasure to my ears for the rest of my life and those of future generations for all time, I guess.” 

The actor, Billy Crystal  (who, it turns out, is the nephew of Commodore Records’ Milt Gabler, who recorded Billie singing ‘Strange Fruit’ in 1939), still remembers her.

Billie is well represented on Youtube, including her incredibly moving 1957 TV recording of ‘Fine and Mellow’ , a reunion with her old (platonic) friend and confidant Lester Young, after some years of estrangement. Then there’s the cry of pain and protest that is ‘Strange Fruit.’

But I prefer to remember the young, joyous and careless Billie of the mid-to-late 1930’s, as can be heard on this little gem from 1936 (below):

Billie even (playfully) puts drummer Cozy Cole in his place in the opening banter. Bunny Berigan on trumpet, Artie Shaw on clarinet.


  1. Lamia said,

    Billie Holiday was truly one of the greatest singers ever, and surely the greatest exponent ever of back-singing, which as practised by most singers today is an aural atrocity.

    She had such a superb innate sense of timing and of the song she was singing that it allowed her to seemingly sing quite freely and independently but always sensitive to the rest of the song, rather than trying to show off and fight against the rhythm and melody (see most of the contestants on The X-Factor or The Voice). She just never seems to be trying at all, it appears so effortless and breezy, but is always in fact in sympathy with the other players and the song. A genius.

  2. Lamia said,

    Correction: sorry, I meant to say ‘back phrasing’, not ‘back singing’.

  3. Rosie said,

    So back phrasing – so that’s the name for pretending to stop and then playing catchy-up.

    • Jim Denham said,

      She generally sang/phrased as far behind the beat as it’s possible to get, without losing the beat altogether.

      • Lamia said,

        Yes, and she managed to do so in such a nimble and playful way that it worked. With most habitual back-phrasers, It feels as if they just can’t keep time because they stay about the same distance behind all the way, whereas Holiday would gracefully swoop up close before holding off again, in a way that seems conversational and natural. Sinatra was the other great master of back-phrasing.

      • Jim Denham said,

        Agreed, Lamia: here’s a classic example:

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