Pedalling against the Patriarchy

July 25, 2013 at 9:27 pm (Cycling, Islam, religion, Rosie B)

Further to Coatsey’s post on Wajdja, I could not miss a film about a girl longing for a bicycle so as to pedal against the patriarchy.  Wadjda is a charming film.

Wajdja, played superbly by Waad Mohammed, is a spunky tomboy and rebel, the Saudi descendant of Jo March in Little Women, whom Simone de Beauvoir and other feminists have always loved.  Like Jo she is best friends with the boy next door and like Jo she lives in a highly religious society but Islamic Saudi Arabia is far more restrictive than nineteenth century Protestant America. Her mother does go out to work – but wearing an abbaya, and with a long commute to an all female workplace driven by an illegal immigrant, Saudi women not being allowed to drive. Wadjda’s father is sweet to her, however work keeps him away from home and he is also considering a second wife, his first wife being unable to bear more children.

The school that Wajdja attends is reminiscent of a convent circa 1880.  The girls wear long, heavy dresses and there is much emphasis about keeping out of the sight of men.  They are a prurient, giggly lot, kept under control by their strict, heavy-eyed headmistress (Ahd Kamel) .  Everyone is sex obsessed. The girl who has a clandestine rendezvous with her “brother” is married off, one of the girls in Wajdja’s religious class, who’s about 14, has also been married, the headmistress is anxious about romantic friendships between the girls, and when Wadjda falls off her friend’s cycle and cuts her knee, her mother is afraid that it’s blood from a broken hymen.


Wajdja longs for a bicycle, and in order to pay for one she joins the religious school so she can enter a Koran knowledge and reciting competition with a big money prize.  We have some rather Hollywood conventions of following your dreams and  the suspense of whether she will win or not but because of the film’s gentle pace and the exotic location it feels fresh and the stakes seem real.  You do root for the delightful Wadjda and her longing for a bicycle is the longing for freedom and action.

At the end of the nineteenth century the bicycle was a symbol of liberty for women.  They became independently mobile and they also had to stop wearing whalebone and other constricting clothing. They could go out to work, attend Suffragette meetings and, of course, socialise with young men.  When women first straddled the machine they were seen as bold and unwomanly.  So Wadjda’s mother, lovely and talented, was married from high school and is much hampered by her female role, but thinks that bicycles can prevent you having babies.

In Saudi Arabia the religious police have only just allowed women to ride bicycles, and then only with a male guardian in parks. The religious police are mentioned, but it is more social than legal sanctions that make everyone tell Wadjda that bicycles aren’t for girls.

Although the women are highly constrained, the view of Saudi is not overly dark. These are ordinary middle class people with strong family and tribal ties, habitually religious and also showing a fair amount of affection towards each other. When Wadjda does her Koran recitation, the liquid chanting is hypnotic.  Again, as in a convent, the clothes may be drab and the behaviour repressed while the religious performance offers drama and poetry.

There are some final twists to the story with two scenes of heartbreaking disappointment but in the last scene Wadjda has broken free with her mother’s approval and is pedalling with her friend around the wide, sandy streets of the neighbourhood until she comes to a busy highway, where no sane being would cycle. She is smiling and the film ends on a hopeful note.


  1. Sue R said,

    I suppose the ending is impying that the ban against women driving is the next thing to go. By the way, I was told that the disapproval of girls bycling is basically sexual: it can rupture the hyman and it is also sexually provocative. I wonder if there is an element of those beliefs in the film, especially as you say that in one scene the Mother thinks that Wadja has ruptured her maidenhead.

  2. jimmy glesga said,

    SueR hits the nail on the hole. The Islamists will not be defeated and have to be contained and confined in their hell hole! Pretty sad thing to say but those that come to the WEST seeking sanctuary still cover their heads. Send them back.

  3. R F McCarthy (@RF_McCarthy) said,

    OK I am probably never going to see this film anyway but the last para could have done with a spoiler alert (it’s hardly The Sixth Sense but even so….).

    • Rosie said,

      I only gave the end of the journey, whereas the twists and turns before the film got there were really unexpected – and unlike a feelgood Hollywood film.

  4. Susan said,

    Seriously! funny and this movie is a pure bullshit the story doesn’t even reflect our society there :/

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: